On July 25, 1963, after only 12 days of negotiations, the two nations agreed to ban tests in the atmosphere, space and underwater. The next day, in a televised address announcing the deal, Kennedy claimed that a limited ban on testing “is far safer for the United States than an unlimited nuclear arms race.” In October, Russia expressed its willingness to freeze its total number of nuclear warheads during talks with Billingslea, a move Biden officials called a “positive development” they wanted to build on, even though the details of the verification had not been worked out. “There is no evidence that Russia is desperately trying to extend the contract or that a shorter-term extension would instead prompt Russia to negotiate a follow-up agreement,” said Daryl Kimball, executive director of the Arms Control Association. In response to Biden`s decision to aim for a five-year extension, Trump`s former special envoy for nuclear negotiations, Marshall Billingslea, criticized the move, saying he showed “an astonishing lack of negotiating skills.” Flashing said New START, which limits the number of strategic nuclear warheads stationed to 1,550 and strategic deployment systems to 700, gives the United States “enormous access to data and inspections” and must “certainly be expanded in the national interest.” President Donald Trump tried to strike a shorter extension with Moscow in the final months of his presidency, but he failed to reach an agreement after months of attempts by his nuclear envoy to convince China to join the deal before abandoning that request. At the same time, his government is preparing to impose new costs on Russia until a new assessment of the secret services is available. Officials said Biden ruled out a “reset” in bilateral relations with Moscow, as many U.S. states “A simple five-year extension would give the new president an early victory and positive momentum, help restore U.S. arms control credibility, and create the potential for more ambitious measures to reduce nuclear danger and bring us closer to a world without nuclear weapons. ». In 1959, radioactive deposits were found in wheat and milk in the northern United States. When scientists and the public began to realize the dangers of radioactive fallout, they began to raise their voices against nuclear testing.
Heads of State and Government and diplomats from several countries have tried to tackle the problem. .